Research Output 2000 2017

Filter
Article
2012

The effect of progressively increasing lithium coatings on plasma discharge characteristics, transport, edge profiles and ELM stability in the National Spherical Torus Experiment

Maingi, R. , Boyle, D. P. , Canik, J. M. , Kaye, S. M. , Skinner, C. H. , Allain, J. P. , Bell, M. G. , Bell, R. E. , Gerhardt, S. P. , Gray, T. K. , Jaworski, M. A. , Kaita, R. , Kugel, H. W. , Leblanc, B. P. , Manickam, J. , Mansfield, D. K. , Menard, J. E. , Osborne, T. H. , Raman, R. , Roquemore, A. L. & 3 others Sabbagh, S. A., Snyder, P. B. & Soukhanovskii, V. A. Aug 2012 In : Nuclear Fusion. 52, 8, 083001

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

plasma jets
lithium
coatings
profiles
recycling

The materials analysis particle probe (MAPP) diagnostic system in NSTX

Heim, B., Gonderman, S., Taylor, C. N., Allain, J. P., Yang, Z. C., Gonzalez, M., Collins, E., Skinner, C. H., Ellis, B., Blanchard, W., Roquemore, L., Kugel, H. W., Martin, R. & Kaita, R. Mar 2012 In : IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 40, 3 PART 1, p. 735-739 5 p., 6151175

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

probes
spectroscopy
tiles
graphite
chemistry
2011

Analysis of C-MOD molybdenum divertor erosion and code/data comparison

Brooks, J. N., Allain, J. P., Whyte, D. G., Ochoukov, R. & Lipschultz, B. Aug 1 2011 In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 415, 1 SUPPL

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

erosion
molybdenum
Molybdenum
Erosion
sheaths

Chemical and physical erosion of carbon and metallic substrates containing lithium during low-energy deuterium ion irradiation

Nieto-Perez, M., Allain, J. P., Heim, B. & Taylor, C. N. Aug 1 2011 In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 415, 1 SUPPL

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

ion irradiation
erosion
deuterium
lithium
carbon

Chemical response of lithiated graphite with deuterium irradiation

Taylor, C. N., Heim, B. & Allain, J. P. Mar 1 2011 In : Journal of Applied Physics. 109, 5, 053306

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

deuterium
graphite
lithium
irradiation
photoelectron spectroscopy
liquid lithium
surface reactions
molybdenum
deuterium
lithium

Deuterium retention in NSTX with lithium conditioning

Skinner, C. H., Allain, J. P., Blanchard, W., Kugel, H. W., Maingi, R., Roquemore, L., Soukhanovskii, V. & Taylor, C. N. Aug 1 2011 In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 415, 1 SUPPL

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

conditioning
deuterium
lithium
gases
Deuterium

Formation of silicon nanodots via ion beam sputtering of ultrathin gold thin film coatings on Si

El-Atwani, O., Ortoleva, S., Cimaroli, A. & Allain, J. P. 2011 In : Nanoscale Research Letters. 6, p. 1-5 5 p., 403

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

sputtering
ion beams
gold
coatings
silicon

Lithium surface-response modelling for the NSTX liquid lithium divertor

Allain, J. P. & Brooks, J. N. Feb 2011 In : Nuclear Fusion. 51, 2, 023002

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

liquid lithium
lithium
surface temperature
erosion
evaporation

Lithium wall conditioning and surface dust detection on NSTX, and dust removal

Skinner, C. H., Allain, J. P., Bell, M. G., Friesen, F. Q. L., Heim, B., Jaworski, M. A., Kugel, H., Maingi, R., Rais, B. & Taylor, C. N. 2011 In : Physica Scripta T. T145, 014020

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

conditioning
lithium
dust
Conditioning
Torus

Multimodal grain size distribution and high hardness in fine grained tungsten fabricated by spark plasma sintering

El-Atwani, O., Quach, D. V., Efe, M., Cantwell, P. R., Heim, B., Schultz, B., Stach, E. A., Groza, J. R. & Allain, J. P. Jul 15 2011 In : Materials Science and Engineering A. 528, 18, p. 5670-5677 8 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

sparks
sintering
tungsten
hardness
grain size

NSTX plasma response to lithium coated divertor

Kugel, H. W. , Bell, M. G. , Allain, J. P. , Bell, R. E. , Ding, S. , Gerhardt, S. P. , Jaworski, M. A. , Kaita, R. , Kallman, J. , Kaye, S. M. , Leblanc, B. P. , Maingi, R. , Majeski, R. , Maqueda, R. , Mansfield, D. K. , Mueller, D. , Nygren, R. , Paul, S. F. , Raman, R. , Roquemore, A. L. & 9 others Sabbagh, S. A., Schneider, H., Skinner, C. H., Soukhanovskii, V. A., Taylor, C. N., Timberlake, J. R., Wampler, W. R., Zakharov, L. E. & Zweben, S. J. Aug 1 2011 In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 415, 1 SUPPL

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Lithium
Plasmas
lithium
Ions
retarding

Surface chemistry and physics of deuterium retention in lithiated graphite

Taylor, C. N., Allain, J. P., Heim, B., Krstic, P. S., Skinner, C. H. & Kugel, H. W. Aug 1 2011 In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 415, 1 SUPPL

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

deuterium
graphite
chemistry
physics
Graphite

The significance of in situ conditions in the characterization of GaSb nanopatterned surfaces via ion beam sputtering

El-Atwani, O., Allain, J. P., Cimaroli, A. & Ortoleva, S. Oct 1 2011 In : Journal of Applied Physics. 110, 7, 074301

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

sputtering
ion beams
energy
irradiation
fluence
2010

Energetic Sn+ irradiation effects on ruthenium mirror specular reflectivity at 13.5-nm

Allain, J. P., Nieto-Perez, M., Hendricks, M. R., Zink, P., Metzmacher, C. & Bergmann, K. Jul 2010 In : Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing. 100, 1, p. 231-237 7 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Ruthenium
Mirrors
Irradiation
Atoms
Electric lamps

Lithium coatings on NSTX plasma facing components and its effects on boundary control, core plasma performance, and operation

Kugel, H. W. , Bell, M. G. , Schneider, H. , Allain, J. P. , Bell, R. E. , Kaita, R. , Kallman, J. , Kaye, S. , Leblanc, B. P. , Mansfield, D. , Nygren, R. E. , Maingi, R. , Menard, J. , Mueller, D. , Ono, M. , Paul, S. , Gerhardt, S. , Raman, R. , Sabbagh, S. , Skinner, C. H. & 3 others Soukhanovskii, V., Timberlake, J. & Zakharov, L. E. Nov 2010 In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 85, 6, p. 865-873 9 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Lithium
Plasmas
Coatings
Evaporators
Powders

Modeling of surface composition dynamics in the ITER divertor region

Nieto-Pérez, M., Ramos, G. & Allain, J. P. Mar 2010 In : IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 38, 3 PART 1, p. 414-418 5 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

beryllium
carbon
tritium
ions
energy
2009

Evaporated lithium surface coatings in NSTX

Kugel, H. W. , Mansfield, D. , Maingi, R. , Bell, M. G. , Bell, R. E. , Allain, J. P. , Gates, D. , Gerhardt, S. , Kaita, R. , Kallman, J. , Kaye, S. , LeBlanc, B. , Majeski, R. , Menard, J. , Mueller, D. , Ono, M. , Paul, S. , Raman, R. , Roquemore, A. L. , Ross, P. W. & 9 others Sabbagh, S., Schneider, H., Skinner, C. H., Soukhanovskii, V., Stevenson, T., Timberlake, J., Wampler, W. R., Wilgren, J. & Zakharov, L. Jun 15 2009 In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 390-391, 1, p. 1000-1004 5 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Lithium
Coatings
lithium
coatings
Plasma density

Experimental studies of lithium-based surface chemistry for fusion plasma-facing materials applications

Allain, J. P., Rokusek, D. L., Harilal, S. S., Nieto-Perez, M., Skinner, C. H., Kugel, H. W., Heim, B., Kaita, R. & Majeski, R. Jun 15 2009 In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 390-391, 1, p. 942-946 5 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Surface chemistry
Lithium
Fusion reactions
Plasmas
lithium

'Mixed-material evolution analysis of the ITER divertor'

Brooks, J. N. & Allain, J. P. Jun 15 2009 In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 390-391, 1, p. 123-126 4 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Beryllium
Sputtering
beryllium
sputtering
Tungsten

Overview of results from the national spherical torus experiment (NSTX)

Gates, D. A. , Ahn, J. , Allain, J. , Andre, R. , Bastasz, R. , Bell, M. , Bell, R. , Belova, E. , Berkery, J. , Betti, R. , Bialek, J. , Biewer, T. , Bigelow, T. , Bitter, M. , Boedo, J. , Bonoli, P. , Boozer, A. , Brennan, D. , Breslau, J. , Brower, D. & 183 others Bush, C., Canik, J., Caravelli, G., Carter, M., Caughman, J., Chang, C., Choe, W., Crocker, N., Darrow, D., Delgado-Aparicio, L., Diem, S., D'Ippolito, D., Domier, C., Dorland, W., Efthimion, P., Ejiri, A., Ershov, N., Evans, T., Feibush, E., Fenstermacher, M., Ferron, J., Finkenthal, M., Foley, J., Frazin, R., Fredrickson, E., Fu, G., Funaba, H., Gerhardt, S., Glasser, A., Gorelenkov, N., Grisham, L., Hahm, T., Harvey, R., Hassanein, A., Heidbrink, W., Hill, K., Hillesheim, J., Hillis, D., Hirooka, Y., Hosea, J., Hu, B., Humphreys, D., Idehara, T., Indireshkumar, K., Ishida, A., Jaeger, F., Jarboe, T., Jardin, S., Jaworski, M., Ji, H., Jung, H., Kaita, R., Kallman, J., Katsuro-Hopkins, O., Kawahata, K., Kawamori, E., Kaye, S., Kessel, C., Kim, J., Kimura, H., Kolemen, E., Krasheninnikov, S., Krstic, P., Ku, S., Kubota, S., Kugel, H., La Haye, R., Lao, L., Leblanc, B., Lee, W., Lee, K., Leuer, J., Levinton, F., Liang, Y., Liu, D., Luhmann, N., Maingi, R., Majeski, R., Manickam, J., Mansfield, D., Maqueda, R., Mazzucato, E., McCune, D., McGeehan, B., McKee, G., Medley, S., Menard, J., Menon, M., Meyer, H., Mikkelsen, D., Miloshevsky, G., Mitarai, O., Mueller, D., Mueller, S., Munsat, T., Myra, J., Nagayama, Y., Nelson, B., Nguyen, X., Nishino, N., Nishiura, M., Nygren, R., Ono, M., Osborne, T., Pacella, D., Park, H., Park, J., Paul, S., Peebles, W., Penaflor, B., Peng, M., Phillips, C., Pigarov, A., Podesta, M., Preinhaelter, J., Ram, A., Raman, R., Rasmussen, D., Redd, A., Reimerdes, H., Rewoldt, G., Ross, P., Rowley, C., Ruskov, E., Russell, D., Ruzic, D., Ryan, P., Sabbagh, S., Schaffer, M., Schuster, E., Scott, S., Shaing, K., Sharpe, P., Shevchenko, V., Shinohara, K., Sizyuk, V., Skinner, C., Smirnov, A., Smith, D., Smith, S., Snyder, P., Solomon, W., Sontag, A., Soukhanovskii, V., Stoltzfus-Dueck, T., Stotler, D., Strait, T., Stratton, B., Stutman, D., Takahashi, R., Takase, Y., Tamura, N., Tang, X., Taylor, G., Taylor, C., Ticos, C., Tritz, K., Tsarouhas, D., Turrnbull, A., Tynan, G., Ulrickson, M., Umansky, M., Urban, J., Utergberg, E., Walker, M., Wampler, W., Wang, J., Wang, W., Welander, A., Whaley, J., White, R., Wilgen, J., Wilson, R., Wong, K., Wright, J., Xia, Z., Xu, X., Youchison, D., Yu, G., Yuh, H., Zakharov, L., Zemlyanov, D. & Zweben, S. 2009 In : Nuclear Fusion. 49, 10, 104016

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

ions
electrons
test facilities
lithium
coatings

Plasma-surface interaction issues of an all-metal ITER

Brooks, J. N., Allain, J. P., Doerner, R. P., Hassanein, A., Nygren, R., Rognlien, T. D. & Whyte, D. G. 2009 In : Nuclear Fusion. 49, 3, 035007

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

surface reactions
metals
erosion
tungsten
contamination

Progress in research and development of mirrors for ITER diagnostics

Litnovsky, A., Voitsenya, V., Sugie, T., De Temmerman, G., Costley, A. E., Donné, A. J. H., Vukolov, K. Y., Orlovskiy, I., Brooks, J. N., Allain, J. P., Kotov, V., Semerok, A., Thro, P. Y., Akiyama, T., Yoshida, N., Tokunaga, T. & Kawahata, K. 2009 In : Nuclear Fusion. 49, 7, 075014

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

research and development
mirrors
shutdowns
beryllium
deterioration

Reactivity of lithium exposed graphite surface

Harilal, S. S., Allain, J. P., Hassanein, A., Hendricks, M. R. & Nieto-Perez, M. Jul 30 2009 In : Applied Surface Science. 255, 20, p. 8539-8543 5 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Graphite
Lithium
Oxides
Air
Carbonates
2008

Particle deposition and optical response of ITER motional Stark effect diagnostic first mirrors

Brooks, J. N. & Allain, J. P. Apr 1 2008 In : Nuclear Fusion. 48, 4, 045003

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Stark effect
mirrors
modules
sputtering
flux (rate)

Specular reflectivity of 13.5-nm light from Sn islands deposited on grazing incidence mirror surfaces

Allain, J. P., Nieto, M. & Hassanein, A. Apr 2008 In : Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing. 91, 1, p. 13-16 4 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

grazing incidence
mirrors
reflectance
Mirrors
fluence

The effect of lithium surface coatings on plasma performance in the National Spherical Torus Experiment

Kugel, H. W. , Bell, M. G. , Ahn, J. W. , Allain, J. P. , Bell, R. , Boedo, J. , Bush, C. , Gates, D. , Gray, T. , Kaye, S. , Kaita, R. , Leblanc, B. , Maingi, R. , Majeski, R. , Mansfield, D. , Menard, J. , Mueller, D. , Ono, M. , Paul, S. , Raman, R. & 10 others Roquemore, A. L., Ross, P. W., Sabbagh, S., Schneider, H., Skinner, C. H., Soukhanovskii, V., Stevenson, T., Timberlake, J., Wampler, W. R. & Zakharov, L. 2008 In : Physics of Plasmas. 15, 5, 056118

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

lithium
coatings
ovens
tiles
ion temperature
2007

Collisional and thermal effects on liquid lithium sputtering

Allain, J. P., Coventry, M. D. & Ruzic, D. N. Nov 26 2007 In : Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 76, 20, 205434

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

liquid lithium
temperature effects
lithium
sputtering
temperature

Divertor and midplane materials evaluation system in DIII-D

Wong, C. P. C., Rudakov, D. L., Allain, J. P., Bastasz, R. J., Brooks, N. H., Brooks, J. N., Doerner, R. P., Evans, T. E., Hassanein, A., Jacob, W., Krieger, K., Litnovsky, A., McLean, A. G., Philipps, V., Pigarov, A. Y., Wampler, W. R., Watkins, J. G., West, W. P., Whaley, J. & Wienhold, P. Jun 15 2007 In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 363-365, 1-3, p. 276-281 6 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

evaluation
erosion
mirrors
temperature
Erosion

Effects of a liquid lithium curtain as the first wall in a fusion reactor plasma

Li, C. Y., Allain, J. P. & Deng, B. Q. Nov 1 2007 In : Chinese Physics. 16, 11, p. 3312-3318 7 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

liquid lithium
curtains
fusion reactors
fusion
surface temperature

Energetic and thermal Sn interactions and their effect on EUVL source collector mirror lifetime at high temperatures

Allain, J. P., Nieto, M., Hendricks, M., Hassanein, A., Tarrio, C., Grantham, S. & Bakshi, V. 2007 In : Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. 6517, PART 2, 65171V

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Extreme ultraviolet lithography
Mirrors
Temperature
accumulators
mirrors

IMPACT: A facility to study the interaction of low-energy intense particle beams with dynamic heterogeneous surfaces

Allain, J. P., Nieto, M., Hendricks, M. R., Plotkin, P., Harilal, S. S. & Hassanein, A. 2007 In : Review of Scientific Instruments. 78, 11, 113105

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

particle beams
interactions
energy
Particle beams
Beam plasma interactions
energetic particles
charged particles
sputtering
energy
Facings
2006

Effect of xenon bombardment on ruthenium-coated grazing incidence collector mirror lifetime for extreme ultraviolet lithography

Nieto, M., Allain, J. P., Titov, V., Hendricks, M. R., Hassanein, A., Rokusek, D., Chrobak, C., Tarrio, C., Barad, Y., Grantham, S., Lucatorto, T. B. & Rice, B. 2006 In : Journal of Applied Physics. 100, 5, 053510

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

grazing incidence
accumulators
xenon
ruthenium
bombardment

Erosion/redeposition analysis of the ITER first wall with convective and non-convective plasma transport

Brooks, J. N., Allain, J. P. & Rognlien, T. D. 2006 In : Physics of Plasmas. 13, 12, 122502

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

beryllium
erosion
tungsten
sputtering
convective flow

Surface erosion by highly-charged ions

Insepov, Z., Allain, J. P., Hassanein, A. & Terasawa, M. Jan 2006 In : Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 242, 1-2, p. 498-502 5 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

erosion
ions
Erosion
Ions
sputtering

Xe+-irradiation effects on multilayer thin-film optical surfaces in EUV lithography

Allain, J. P., Hassanein, A., Allain, M. M. C., Heuser, B. J., Nieto, M., Chrobak, C., Rokusek, D. & Rice, B. Jan 2006 In : Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 242, 1-2, p. 520-522 3 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

fluence
lithography
irradiation
thin films
Extreme ultraviolet lithography
2005
liquid lithium
erosion
bombardment
sputtering
augmentation

Erosion, transport, and tritium codeposition analysis of a beryllium wall tokamak

Brooks, J. N., Allain, J. P., Alman, D. A. & Ruzic, D. N. Jan 2005 In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 72, 4, p. 363-375 13 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Beryllium
Erosion
Plasmas
Sputtering
Ions

Erosion and degradation of EUV lithography collector mirrors under particle bombardment

Allain, J. P., Hassanein, A., Nieto, M., Titov, V., Plotkin, P., Hinson, E., Rice, B. J., Bristol, R., Rokusek, D., Lytle, W., Heuser, B. J., Allain, M. M. C., Ju, H. & Chrobak, C. 2005 In : Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE. 5751, II, p. 1110-1117 8 p., 136

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

accumulators
erosion
bombardment
lithography
mirrors

Interaction of impurity (Li, Be, B and C) and hydrogen isotope pellet injection with reactor-relevant plasmas

Deng, B., Allain, J. P., Peng, L., Wang, X., Chen, Z. & Yan, J. Feb 2005 In : Plasma Science and Technology. 7, 1, p. 2615-2622 8 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

hydrogen isotopes
pellets
reactors
injection
impurities

Ion-Induced Surface Modification of EUV and VUV Plasma-Facing Collector Mirrors

Allain, J. P., Hassanein, A., Nieto, M., Titov, V., Plotkin, P., Hinson, E., Rokusek, D., Chrobak, C., Hendricks, M. & Klimowych, W. Jan 1 2005 In : Aslib Proceedings. 908

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Model development and analysis of temperature-dependent lithium sputtering and sputtered Li+ transport for tokamak plasma-facing applications

Allain, J. P., Brooks, J. N., Alman, D. A. & Gonzalez, L. E. Mar 1 2005 In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 337-339, 1-3 SPEC. ISS., p. 94-98 5 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

lithium
sputtering
temperature
Lithium
Sputtering

Overview of the ALPS program

Brooks, J. N., Allain, J. P., Bastasz, R., Doerner, R., Evans, T., Hassanein, A., Kaita, R., Luckhardt, S., Maingi, R., Majeski, R., Morley, N. B., Narula, M., Rognlien, T., Ruzic, D., Stubbers, R., Ulrickson, M., Wong, C. P. C., Whyte, D. & Ying, A. Apr 2005 In : Fusion Science and Technology. 47, 3, p. 669-677 9 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Limiters
Plasmas
Experiments
Facings
liquid metals

PLASMA/LIQUID-Metal interactions during tokamak operation

Hassanein, A., Allain, J. P., Insepov, Z. & Konkashbaev, I. Apr 2005 In : Fusion Science and Technology. 47, 3, p. 686-697 12 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

metals
interactions
Metals
Plasmas
Facings

PSI modeling of liquid lithium divertors for the NSTX tokamak

Brooks, J. N., Allain, J. P., Rognlien, T. D. & Maingi, R. Mar 1 2005 In : Journal of Nuclear Materials. 337-339, 1-3 SPEC. ISS., p. 1053-1057 5 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

liquid lithium
Lithium
Plasmas
Liquids
Temperature
2004

Experimental investigation of materials damage induced by hot Xe plasma in EUV lithography devices

Hassanein, A., Burtseva, T., Allain, J. P., Rice, B. J., Bakshi, V. & Safronov, V. 2004 In : Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. 5374, PART 1, p. 122-132 11 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

high temperature plasmas
lithography
damage
EUV Lithography
Experimental Investigation

Experimental observations of lithium as a plasma-facing surface in the DIII-D tokamak divertor

Whyte, D. G., Evans, T. E., Wong, C. P. C., West, W. P., Bastasz, R., Allain, J. P. & Brooks, J. N. Nov 2004 In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 72, 1-3 SPEC. ISS., p. 133-147 15 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Lithium
Plasmas
Facings
Magnetohydrodynamics
Sputtering

Lithium erosion experiments and modelling under quiescent plasma conditions in DIII-D

Allain, J. P., Whyte, D. G. & Brooks, J. N. May 2004 In : Nuclear Fusion. 44, 5, p. 655-664 10 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

erosion
lithium
sputtering
angular distribution
evaluation

Radiation-induced synergistic effects of athermal and thermal mechanisms on erosion and surface evolution of advanced electrode and condenser optics materials

Allain, J. P., Hassanein, A., Burtseva, T., Yacout, A., Insepov, Z., Taj, S. & Rice, B. J. 2004 In : Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. 5374, PART 1, p. 112-121 10 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

condensers
erosion
optics
electrodes
radiation