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Personal profile

Research Interests

The Fouke laboratory research group focuses on the cross-disciplinary intersection of geology and molecular biology (Geobiology), with emphasis on the emergence and survival of Life within the context of dynamic Earth processes. Results have direct application to a wide variety of pressing societal interests that range from energy and human medicine to environmental sustainability and space exploration. Our active research projects include studies of: (1) applications of sedimentology, geochemistry and molecular microbiology to the subsurface biosphere and enhanced oil recovery; (2) quantification of the rate, mode and tempo of microbial evolution in response to steep gradients using a microfluidic test bed called the GeoBioCell; (3) the control of sea surface temperature on coral reef ecosystems, coral skeleton synthesis and the global emergence of infectious marine diseases; (4) the response of heat-loving (thermophilic) bacteria to changes in hot-spring flow rate, chemistry and temperature; (5) the timing and hydrology of the last flow of water in ancient Roman aqueducts; and (6) understanding human kidney stone formation with integrated geobiology approaches.

Personal profile

Bruce Fouke is a Professor in Geology, Microbiology, and the Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. He also serves as Director of the Illinois Roy J. Carver Biotechnology Center. Bruce completed his B.Sc. at Bradley University, M.Sc. degrees at the University of Iowa and the University of Chicago, and his Ph.D. at Stony Brook University. He then went on to complete postdoctoral appointments at the Free University Amsterdam, the University of California Berkeley, and Exobiology at NASA Ames Research Center. He was recently chosen as the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) Roy M. Huffington Distinguished Lecturer for the Asia-Pacific Region, during which he presented lectures in India, Japan, China, Vietnam, Australia and New Zealand. Bruce has held professorships at Lund University, Sweden, and the Illinois Center for Advanced Studies, and has active adjunct faculty appointments at the Thermal Biology Institute at Montana State University, and the Caribbean Research and Management of Biodiversity Laboratory on Curaçao. He serves on multiple science panels at NSF, DOE and NASA. Results from his scientific research have been reported on in National Geographic, the New York Times, and National Public Radio.

Teaching

  • GEOL 111/ESE 111: Emergence of Life
  • GEOL 117/ESE 117: The Oceans
  • GEOL 143/ESE 143: History of Life
  • GEOL 415/GEOL 515: Field Geology
  • GEOL 440: Sedimentology and Stratigraphy

Education

  • Ph.D. Stony Brook
  • M.Sc. Univ Chicago
  • M.Sc. Univ Iowa
  • B.Sc. Bradley Univ

Office Address

3406 IGB

Office Phone

+1.217.244.5431

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the expert's scholarly documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

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Research Output 1992 2020

  • 66 Article
  • 3 Comment/debate
  • 2 Chapter
  • 1 Conference contribution

GeoBioMed sheds new light on human kidney stone crystallization and dissolution

Sivaguru, M., Lieske, J. C., Krambeck, A. E. & Fouke, B. W., Jan 1 2020, In : Nature Reviews Urology. 17, 1

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Kidney Calculi
Crystallization
Ciprofloxacin
Escherichia coli
antibiotic resistance
Microfluidics
experiment

A dolomitization event at the oceanic chemocline during the Permian-Triassic transition

Gregg, J. M., Kaczmarek, S. E., Bish, D. L., Machel, H. G. & Fouke, B. W., Jan 1 2019, In : Geology. 47, 7, p. e467-e467

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Open Access
dolomitization
Permian
Triassic

Correction Factors for δ18O-Derived Global Sea Surface Temperature Reconstructions From Diagenetically Altered Intervals of Coral Skeletal Density Banding

Sivaguru, M., Fouke, K. W., Todorov, L., Kingsford, M. J., Fouke, K. E., Trop, J. M. & Fouke, B. W., Jun 18 2019, In : Frontiers in Marine Science. 6, JUN, 306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
surface temperature
corals
coral
sea surface temperature
aragonite

Motility of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 Allows for Nitrate Reduction in the Toxic Region of a Ciprofloxacin Concentration Gradient in a Microfluidic Reactor

Alcalde, R. E., Michelson, K., Zhou, L., Schmitz, E. V., Deng, J., Sanford, R. A., Fouke, B. W. & Werth, C. J., Mar 5 2019, In : Environmental Science and Technology. 53, 5, p. 2778-2787 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Poisons
motility
Ciprofloxacin
Microfluidics
Nitrates