Research Output 1970 2019

Filter
Conference contribution
2011

Plasmonic coupling of SiO2-Ag post-cap nanostructures and silver film for surface-enhanced Raman scattering

Wu, H. Y. & Cunningham, B. T., 2011, 2011 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Laser Science to Photonic Applications, CLEO 2011. 5950146

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Silver
caps
Raman scattering
Nanostructures
silver

Plastic-based distributed feedback laser biosensors in microplate format

Tan, Y., Ge, C., Chu, A., Lu, M. & Cunningham, B. T., Dec 1 2011, IEEE Photonic Society 24th Annual Meeting, PHO 2011. p. 423-424 2 p. 6110607. (IEEE Photonic Society 24th Annual Meeting, PHO 2011).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

distributed feedback lasers
bioinstrumentation
format
standard deviation
plastics

Polymorph and crystal habit screening on a microfluidic platform

Thorson, M. R., Goyal, S., Zhang, G. G. Z., Gong, Y., Zukoski, C. F. & Kenis, P. J. A., Jan 1 2011, Separations Division - Core Programming Topic at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting. AIChE, Vol. 2. p. 1033-1034 2 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Polymorphism
Microfluidics
habits
Screening
Crystals

PSAR: Measuring multiple sequence alignment reliability by probabilistic sampling (Extended abstract)

Kim, J. & Ma, J., Apr 4 2011, Research in Computational Molecular Biology - 15th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2011, Proceedings. p. 134-135 2 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); vol. 6577 LNBI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Multiple Sequence Alignment
Alignment
Sampling
Comparative Genomics
Unknown

Quantitative analysis of diseased horse tendons using Fourier-transform- second-harmonic generation imaging

Sivaguru, M., Durgam, S., Ambekar, R., Luedtke, D., Fried, G., Stewart, A. & Toussaint, K. C., May 5 2011, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences XI. 79030J. (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; vol. 7903).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Horse Diseases
tendons
horses
Tendinopathy
Tendons

Quantitative ultrasound assessment of treated MAT tumors

Kemmerer, J., Ghoshal, G. & Oelze, M., 2011, 2011 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2011. p. 1383-1386 4 p. 6293214

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

tumors
therapy
baths
acoustics
estimates

Random and deterministic transport in live cells quantified by SLIM

Popescu, G., 2011, Novel Techniques in Microscopy, NTM 2011. Optical Society of American (OSA)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

cells

Reference-driven MR image reconstruction with sparsity and support constraints

Peng, X., Du, H. Q., Lam, F., Babacan, S. D. & Liang, Z-P., 2011, 2011 8th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI'11. p. 89-92 4 p. 5872361

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Computer-Assisted Image Processing
Image reconstruction
Imaging techniques
Harmonic functions
Compressed sensing

Reference-guided sparsifying transform design for compressive sensing MRI

Babacan, S. D., Peng, X., Wang, X. P., Do, M. N. & Liang, Z-P., Dec 26 2011, 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2011. p. 5718-5721 4 p. 6091384. (Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Magnetic resonance imaging
Glossaries
Learning

Regularized image reconstruction for PS model-based cardiovascular MRI

Christodoulou, A. G., Zhao, B. & Liang, Z-P., Nov 2 2011, 2011 8th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI'11. p. 57-60 4 p. 5872353. (Proceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Cardiovascular Models
Computer-Assisted Image Processing
Image reconstruction
Magnetic resonance imaging
Artifacts

Rigorous quantification of polarized fiber continuum generation for broadband coherent optical sources

Tu, H., Liu, Y., Sharma, U. & Boppart, S. A., 2011, 2011 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Laser Science to Photonic Applications, CLEO 2011. 5950956

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Light sources
continuums
broadband
fibers
Fibers

Rigorous quantification of polarized fiber continuum generation for broadband coherent optical sources

Tu, H., Liu, Y., Sharma, U. & Boppart, S. A., 2011, Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, QELS 2011.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Light sources
continuums
broadband
fibers
Fibers

Rigorous quantification of polarized fiber continuum generation for broadband coherent optical sources

Tu, H., Liu, Y., Sharma, U. & Boppart, S. A., 2011, CLEO: Applications and Technology, CLEO_AT 2011.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Light sources
continuums
broadband
fibers
Fibers

Rigorous quantification of polarized fiber continuum generation for broadband coherent optical sources

Tu, H., Liu, Y., Sharma, U. & Boppart, S. A., Dec 1 2011, CLEO: Science and Innovations, CLEO_SI 2011. (Optics InfoBase Conference Papers).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Light sources
continuums
broadband
fibers
Fibers

SERS nanodomes for in-line detection within biomedical tubing

Choi, C., Wu, H. Y. & Cunningham, B. T., 2011, Frontiers in Optics, FiO 2011.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Tubing
metabolites
Catheters
Metabolites
replicas

Simulation and experimental analysis of a portable powered ankle-foot orthosis control

Li, Y., Shorter, K. A., Hsiao-Wecksler, E. T. & Bretl, T., Dec 1 2011, ASME 2011 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference and Bath/ASME Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control, DSCC 2011. p. 77-84 8 p. (ASME 2011 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference and Bath/ASME Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control, DSCC 2011; vol. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Solenoid valves
Torque
Hardware
Motion control
Pneumatics

Spatial light interference microscopy (SLIM)

Popescu, G., Dec 1 2011, IEEE Photonic Society 24th Annual Meeting, PHO 2011. 1 p. 6110797. (IEEE Photonic Society 24th Annual Meeting, PHO 2011).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

microscopy
interference
phase contrast
cells
optical paths

Spatiotemporal denoising of MR spectroscopic imaging data by low-rank approximations

Nguyen, H. M., Peng, X., Do, M. N. & Liang, Z-P., Nov 2 2011, 2011 8th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI'11. p. 857-860 4 p. 5872539. (Proceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Magnetic resonance
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
Imaging techniques
Signal to noise ratio

Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy and fluorescence based on black silver

Xu, Z., Jiang, J., Chen, Y., Gartia, M. R. & Liu, G. L., Oct 19 2011, Biosensing and Nanomedicine IV. 80990W. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; vol. 8099).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Raman Spectroscopy
Silver
Fluorescence
Raman spectroscopy
silver

Surface plasmon based substrate for enhanced fluorescence live cell imaging

Gartia, M. R., Hsiao, A., Sivaguru, M., Chen, Y., Kim, T. J., Wang, Y. & Liu, G. L., Dec 1 2011, 15th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences 2011, MicroTAS 2011. p. 1095-1097 3 p. (15th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences 2011, MicroTAS 2011; vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Fluorescence
Imaging techniques
Substrates
Cells
Silver

Testing of electrode durability for extended operation within an alkaline fuel cell

Naughton, M. S. & Kenis, P. J. A., 2011, 11AIChE - 2011 AIChE Spring Meeting and 7th Global Congress on Process Safety, Conference Proceedings. American Institute of Chemical Engineers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Alkaline fuel cells
Durability
Electrodes
Interleukin-3
Testing

The effect of growth factor supplementation on tendon cell migration, viability, and gene expression in anisotropic collagen-glycosaminoglycan scaffolds

Caliari, S. R., Beyer, L. S. & Harley, B. A., Jan 1 2011, Materials Engineering and Sciences Division - Core Programming Topic at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting. AIChE, Vol. 1. 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Tendons
Scaffolds (biology)
Glycosaminoglycans
Collagen
Gene expression

The impact of aberrations on object reconstruction with interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy

Adie, S. G., Graf, B. W., Ahmad, A., Darbarsyah, B., Boppart, S. A. & Carney, P. S., Apr 12 2011, Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XV. 78891O. (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; vol. 7889).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Synthetic apertures
synthetic apertures
Aberrations
aberration
Microscopy

The impact of different estimator algorithms when obtaining effective diameter estimates from populations of scatterers of different sizes

Lavarello, R. J. & Oelze, M. L., Dec 1 2011, 2011 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2011. p. 45-48 4 p. 6293049. (IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

estimators
estimates
scattering
coefficients
root-mean-square errors

The mechanical sensitivity of vesicle dynamics in in vivo and in vitro neurons

Ahmed, W. W., Li, T. C., Rubakhin, S., Chiba, A., Sweedler, J. V. & Saif, M. T. A., Nov 23 2011, Technical Proceedings of the 2011 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2011. p. 436-439 4 p. (Technical Proceedings of the 2011 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2011; vol. 3).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Neurons
Cones
Imaging techniques
Compaction

The plasma bipolar junction phototransistor: Coupling electron-hole and electron-ion plasmas

Li, B., Houlahan, T., Wagner, C. J., Tchertchian, P. A., Sievers, D. J. & Eden, J. G., Dec 1 2011, IEEE Photonic Society 24th Annual Meeting, PHO 2011. p. 15-16 2 p. 6110402. (IEEE Photonic Society 24th Annual Meeting, PHO 2011).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

phototransistors
photosensitivity
accumulators
transistors
vapor phases

Three-dimensional quantitative high-frequency characterization of freshly-excised human lymph nodes

Mamou, J., Saegusa-Beecroft, E., Coron, A., Oelze, M. L., Yamaguchi, T., Machi, J., Hata, M., Yanagihara, E., Laugier, P. & Feleppa, E. J., Dec 1 2011, 2011 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2011. p. 37-40 4 p. 6293397. (IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

lymphatic system
cancer
estimates
metastasis
breast

Tiny hydraulics for powered orthotics

Durfee, W., Xia, J. & Hsiao-Wecksler, E., Jan 1 2011, 2011 IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2011 - Rehab Week Zurich 2011. IEEE Computer Society, 5975473. (IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Orthotics
Actuators
Hydraulics
Electric Power Supplies
Weights and Measures

Tomographic reconstruction by quantitative phase imaging with broadband fields

Wang, Z., Marks, D., Carney, S., Mir, M. & Popescu, G., 2011, Novel Techniques in Microscopy, NTM 2011. Optical Society of American (OSA)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

inverse scattering
Inverse problems
Scattering
broadband
Imaging techniques

Tuning the binding kinetics of angiogenic factors for revascularization therapies

Schmidt, J. J. & Kong, H. J., Jan 1 2011, Materials Engineering and Sciences Division - Core Programming Topic at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting. AIChE, Vol. 1. 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Angiogenesis Inducing Agents
Tuning
Kinetics

Tuning the dependency between stiffness and permeability of cell-encapsulating hydrogel with hydrophilic pendant chains

Cha, C., Jeong, J. H. & Kong, H. J., Jan 1 2011, Materials Engineering and Sciences Division - Core Programming Topic at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting. AIChE, Vol. 2. p. 880-885 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

permeability
Hydrogel
Hydrogels
Tuning
Cells

Tuning the dependency between stiffness and permeability of cell-encapsulating hydrogel with hydrophilic pendant chains

Cha, C., Jeong, J. H. & Kong, H., 2011, 11AIChE - 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hydrogels
Tuning
Cells
Stiffness

Ultrasound therapy applicators for controlled thermal modification of tissue

Burdette, E. C., Lichtenstiger, C., Rund, L., Keralapura, M., Gossett, C., Stahlhut, R., Neubauer, P., Komadina, B., Williams, E., Alix, C., Jensen, T., Schook, L. B. & Diederich, C. J., Apr 14 2011, Energy-Based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment VI. 79010W. (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; vol. 7901).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Applicators
collagens
therapy
Skin
Hot Temperature

Using microfluidics and mass spectrometry to study peptide release in neurons

Croushore, C. A., Lee, C. Y., Zhong, M. & Sweedler, J. V., Dec 1 2011, 15th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences 2011, MicroTAS 2011. p. 858-860 3 p. (15th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences 2011, MicroTAS 2011; vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Microfluidics
Peptides
Neurons
Mass spectrometry
Silicon wafers

Using photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence on quartz substrates to improve the sensitivity of DNA microarrays

George, S., Pokhriyal, A., Jones, S. I., Lu, M., Vodkin, L. O. & Cunningham, B. T., Dec 26 2011, 33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2011. p. 26-29 4 p. 6089888. (Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Optics and Photonics
Quartz
Microarrays
Photonic crystals
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
2010

3D Shear wave imaging: A simulation and experimental study

Orescanin, M., Wang, Y. & Insana, M., Dec 1 2010, 2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2010. p. 1035-1038 4 p. 5935669. (Proceedings - IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

S waves
wave equations
shear
simulation
finite difference time domain method

Accelerating iterative field-compensated MR image reconstruction on GPUs

Zhuo, Y., Wu, X. L., Haldar, J. P., Hwu, W. M., Liang, Z. P. & Sutton, B. P., Aug 9 2010, 2010 7th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2010 - Proceedings. p. 820-823 4 p. 5490112. (2010 7th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2010 - Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Computer-Assisted Image Processing
Image reconstruction
Magnetic Fields
Magnetic fields
Physics

Adaptive angular sampling approach for emission tomography

Li, N. & Meng, L. J., 2010, IEEE Nuclear Science Symposuim and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2010. p. 2903-2909 7 p. 5874327

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

tomography
sampling
Tomography
tradeoffs
Single-Photon Emission-Computed Tomography

A new approach for detecting attenuation changes during high-intensityfocused ultrasound

Kemmerer, J., Chang, S. & Oelze, M., Dec 1 2010, 2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2010. p. 1404-1407 4 p. 5935846. (Proceedings - IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

attenuation
liver
acoustic attenuation
energy
attenuation coefficients

A novel way to characterize the non-specific surface adhesion of cancer cells and understand cancer metastasis

Tang, X., Cappa, T., Kuhlenschmidt, T., Kuhlenschmidt, M. S. & Saif, M. T. A., Jan 1 2010, Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2009, IMECE 2009. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), p. 147-149 3 p. (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings; vol. 11).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Adhesion
Cells
Tumors
Bearings (structural)
Tissue

Application of nanoindentation for constituent phases testing in ceramic-metal composites

Hussainova, I., Jasiuk, I. & Hussainov, M., 2010, Nanotechnology 2010: Advanced Materials, CNTs, Particles, Films and Composites - Technical Proceedings of the 2010 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2010. Vol. 1. p. 152-155 4 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

cermets
Cermets
Chromium
Nanoindentation
nanoindentation

A probabilistic framework for inferring ancestral genomic orders

Ma, J., Dec 1 2010, Proceedings - 2010 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2010. p. 179-184 6 p. 5706559. (Proceedings - 2010 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2010).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Synteny
minaprine

A sparse grid based collocation method for model order reduction of finite element approximations of passive electromagnetic devices under uncertainty

Sumant, P. S., Wu, H., Cangellaris, A. C. & Aluru, N. R., Oct 15 2010, 2010 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium, MTT 2010. p. 1652-1655 4 p. 5517633. (IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

collocation
grids
electromagnetism
random variables
approximation

A sparse grid based collocation method for model order reduction of finite element models of MEMS under uncertainty

Sumant, P., Wu, H., Cangellaris, A. C. & Aluru, N. R., Nov 9 2010, Nanotechnology 2010: Electronics, Devices, Fabrication, MEMS, Fluidics and Computational - Technical Proceedings of the 2010 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2010. p. 577-580 4 p. (Nanotechnology 2010: Electronics, Devices, Fabrication, MEMS, Fluidics and Computational - Technical Proceedings of the 2010 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2010; vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

MEMS
Random variables
Polynomials
Computational efficiency
Statistics

A spatially varying pulse compression filter for coded excitation signals

Sanchez, J. R. & Oelze, M., Dec 1 2010, 2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2010. p. 371-374 4 p. 5935795. (Proceedings - IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

pulse compression
echoes
signal to noise ratios
filters
excitation

Assessment of the effects of scatterer size distributions on effective scatterer diameter estimates

Lavarello, R. J. & Oelze, M. L., Dec 1 2010, 2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2010. p. 732-735 4 p. 5935475. (Proceedings - IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

estimates
scattering
transducers
coefficients
frequency ranges

A very-high resolution SPECT system based on the energy-resolved photon counting CdTe detectors

Cai, L., Fu, G., Tan, J. W. & Meng, L. J., Dec 1 2010, IEEE Nuclear Science Symposuim and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2010. p. 2788-2792 5 p. 5874300. (IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Single-Photon Emission-Computed Tomography
Photons
counting
high resolution
detectors

Beating the Nernst limit of 59mV/pH with double-gated nano-scale field-effect transistors and its applications to ultra-sensitive DNA biosensors

Go, J., Nair, P. R., Reddy, B., Dorvel, B., Bashir, R. & Alam, M. A., Dec 1 2010, 2010 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, IEDM 2010. 5703325. (Technical Digest - International Electron Devices Meeting, IEDM).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Biomolecules
Field effect transistors
bioinstrumentation
Biosensors
DNA

Biosensing with photonic crystal surfaces

Cunningham, B. T., Dec 1 2010, 2010 23rd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society, PHOTINICS 2010. p. 158-159 2 p. 5698806. (2010 23rd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society, PHOTINICS 2010).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

crystal surfaces
photonics

Broadband silicon photonic switch integrated with CMOS drive electronics

Lee, B. G., Van Campenhout, J., Rylyakov, A. V., Schow, C. L., Green, W. M. J., Assefa, S., Yang, M., Doany, F. E., Jahnes, C. V., John, R. A., Kash, J. A. & Vlasov, Y. A., Oct 11 2010, Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference: 2010 Laser Science to Photonic Applications, CLEO/QELS 2010. 5500948. (Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference: 2010 Laser Science to Photonic Applications, CLEO/QELS 2010).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Optical switches
CMOS
Electric power utilization
Electronic equipment
switches